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Friday, April 11, 2014

CAPTAIN AMERICA - Joe Simon and Jack Kirby's greatest creation

At this very moment a new movie, 
is reportedly the #1 box office draw.

At seventy-three years old, Captain America is still going strong and shows no signs of stopping. 
Realistically, much has changed since that first issue dated March, 1941, and the symbolic hero has endured many permutations over the years. That is natural, since the country he represents has itself transmogrified over the decades, shedding layers upon layers of innocence, and allowing the once gleaming luster of patriotism to tarnish from abuse and a lack of trust in authority.

When Captain America came upon the scene those long years ago, there was a need for something to believe in, someone to look up to.There was war rumbling in Europe and the tremors were being felt in the United States of America. Economic depression had gripped the nation over a decade earlier, and the citizens were hungry for something hopeful around the next corner.

Enter Joe Simon and Jacob Kurtzberg. After experimenting with several nom de plumes like Jack Curtiss, Bob Brown, Ted Gray, Richard Lee, Curt Davis, and Lance Kirby, Jacob Kurtzberg finally decided on the name he would use for his comics career - Jack Kirby. Kirby met Simon  around March, 1940, while both worked for Fox Feature Syndicate. According to Kirby, "After Joe Simon was hired as an editor, we got to know one another and soon we were working together. Joe was a little older, and I counted on him to do the talking for both of us. We made a pretty good team."

Soon after, both were hired by Martin Goodman at Timely/Marvel Comics. In 1939 Marvel had success with breakout characters The Human Torch and The Submariner. In December, 1940,  CAPTAIN AMERICA  #1 hit the stands, the right character for the right time. 
Jack Kirby remembers those early Timely/Marvel days:

"The pressure was tremendous. I was penciling at breakneck speed, as many as nine pages a day. I guess that was the reason my figure work began to take on a distorted look; my instincts told me that a figure had to be extreme to have power. I feel that action and graceful movement symbolize beauty and life, and acrobatic characters are the perfect instrument to convey this. I want to show mankind at it's best, not it's worst."

"Captain America was created for a time that needed noble figures. We weren't at war yet, but everyone knew it was coming. That's why Captain America was born; America needed a super-patriot."

He was a super-patriot, all right. The cover for issue #1 showcased Captain America socking Hitler in the face! Simon and Kirby were first, and America would take the cue and follow Cap's lead.Within the year the United States entered the war and not long after, Hitler and his ilk suffered more than just a sore jaw. Captain America was there to lead the country to victory.

CAPTAIN AMERICA #1 -  pencils: Jack Kirby / inks: Syd Shores

While today's political correctness prevents overt propaganda and the racial stereotyping that flourished during the 40's and 50's, it seems that the lines between right and wrong, good and evil have blurred to a degree where heroes like the Captain America of old appear trite, corny, and passe to the modern American. But I hope not. I believe that now as much as ever we need someone to look up to, someone to stand for decency and the moral values that are threatened to become covered in the dust of yesterday's forgotten history. In a world of complicated trouble, we still need Joe Simon and Jack Kirby's simple vision of Captain America, the heroic national ideal worthy to be emulated, a leader for us all to follow.



The origin of Captain America from CAPTAIN AMERICA #1
Script:Joe Simon / Pencils:Jack Kirby / Inks: Al Liederman


More from Jack Kirby on CAPTAIN AMERICA #1:

"We thought it would compete well with Superman
It was a good testing ground for me. The first issue was meant to look more like a movie than a traditional comic book. 
Movies were what I knew best, and I wanted to tell stories the way they did. I guess I'm just a frustrated director."


The first appearance of the Red Skull, from CAPTAIN AMERICA #1
Script:Joe Simon / Pencils:Jack Kirby / Inks: Al Liederman


Captain America first appeared in the movies in 1944.
Timely/Marvel Comics publisher Martin Goodman gave Republic Pictures the rights to serialize Captain America free of charge. 
Creators Joe Simon and Jack Kirby "never got a dime" out of the deal.

Captain America: 1944 Serial - #1


Jack Kirby original artwork of Captain America, done 1966


1 comment:

  1. What a TImely post.
    It certainly made by daily Kirby homage easy today. Thanks!